Nebraska Revised Statute 48-2706
Co-employment relationship; restrictions; rights and obligations; professional employer agreement; contents; written notice to employee; posting of notice; responsibilities of client; liability; sales tax liability; health benefit plan.
(1) No person shall knowingly enter into a co-employment relationship in which less than a majority of the employees of the client in this state are covered employees or in which less than one-half of the payroll of the client in this state is attributable to covered employees.
(2) Except as specifically provided in the Professional Employer Organization Registration Act or in the professional employer agreement, in each co-employment relationship:
(a) The client shall be entitled to exercise all rights and shall be obligated to perform all duties and responsibilities otherwise applicable to an employer in an employment relationship;
(b) The professional employer organization shall be entitled to exercise only those rights and obligated to perform only those duties and responsibilities specifically required by the act or in the professional employer agreement. The rights, duties, and obligations of the professional employer organization as co-employer with respect to any covered employee shall be limited to those arising pursuant to the professional employer agreement and the act during the term of co-employment by the professional employer organization of such covered employee; and
(c) Unless otherwise expressly agreed by the professional employer organization and the client in a professional employer agreement, the client retains the exclusive right to direct and control the covered employees as is necessary to conduct the client's business, to discharge any of the client's fiduciary responsibilities, or to comply with any licensure requirements applicable to the client or to the covered employees.
(3) Except as specifically provided in the Professional Employer Organization Registration Act, the co-employment relationship between the client and the professional employer organization, and between each co-employer and each covered employee, shall be governed by the professional employer agreement. Each professional employer agreement shall include the following:
(a) The allocation of rights, duties, and obligations as described in this section;
(b) A provision that the professional employer organization shall have responsibility to pay wages to covered employees; to withhold, collect, report, and remit payroll-related and unemployment taxes; and, to the extent the professional employer organization has assumed responsibility in the professional employer agreement, to make payments for employee benefits for covered employees. For purposes of this section, wages does not include any obligation between a client and a covered employee for payments beyond or in addition to the covered employee's salary, draw, or regular rate of pay, such as bonuses, commissions, severance pay, deferred compensation, profit sharing, or vacation, sick, or other paid time off pay, unless the professional employer organization has expressly agreed to assume liability for such payments in the professional employer agreement;
(c) A provision that the professional employer organization shall have a right to hire, discipline, and terminate a covered employee as may be necessary to fulfill the professional employer organization's responsibilities under the act and the professional employer agreement. The client shall have a right to hire, discipline, and terminate a covered employee; and
(d) A provision that the responsibility to obtain workers' compensation coverage for covered employees and for other employees of the client from an insurer licensed to do business in this state and otherwise in compliance with all applicable requirements shall be specified in the professional employer agreement in accordance with section 48-2709. The client shall not be relieved of its obligations under the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Act to provide workers' compensation coverage in the event that the professional employer organization fails to obtain workers' compensation insurance for which it has assumed responsibility.
(4) With respect to each professional employer agreement entered into by a professional employer organization, such professional employer organization shall provide written notice to each covered employee affected by such agreement. The professional employer organization shall provide, and the client shall post in a conspicuous place at the client's worksite, the following:
(a) Notice of the general nature of the co-employment relationship between and among the professional employer organization, the client, and any covered employees; and
(b) Any notice required by the state relating to unemployment compensation and the minimum wage.
(5) Except to the extent otherwise expressly provided by the applicable professional employer agreement:
(a) A client shall be solely responsible for the quality, adequacy, or safety of the goods or services produced or sold in the client's business;
(b) A client shall be solely responsible for (i) directing, supervising, training, and controlling the work of the covered employees with respect to the business activities of the client or when such employees are otherwise acting under the express direction and control of the client and (ii) the acts, errors, or omissions of the covered employees with regard to such activities or when such employees are otherwise acting under the express direction and control of the client;
(c) A client shall not be liable for the acts, errors, or omissions of a professional employer organization or of any covered employee of the client and a professional employer organization when such covered employee is acting under the express direction and control of the professional employer organization;
(d) Nothing in this subsection shall limit any contractual liability or obligation specifically provided in a professional employer agreement; and
(e) A covered employee is not, solely as the result of being a covered employee of a professional employer organization, an employee of the professional employer organization for purposes of general liability insurance, fidelity bonds, surety bonds, employer's liability which is not covered by workers' compensation, or liquor liability insurance carried by the professional employer organization unless the covered employee is included for such purposes by specific reference in the professional employer agreement and in any applicable prearranged employment contract, insurance contract, or bond.
(6) When a professional employer organization obtains workers' compensation coverage for its clients that is written by an authorized insurer, it shall not be considered to be an insurer based on its provision of workers' compensation insurance coverage to a client, even if the professional employer organization charges the client a different amount than it is charged by the authorized insurer.
(7) For purposes of this state or any county, municipality, or other political subdivision thereof:
(a) Covered employees whose services are subject to sales tax shall be deemed the employees of the client for purposes of collecting and levying sales tax on the services performed by the covered employee. Nothing contained in the Professional Employer Organization Registration Act shall relieve a client of any sales tax liability with respect to its goods or services;
(b) Any tax or assessment imposed upon professional employer services or any business license or other fee which is based upon gross receipts shall allow a deduction from the gross income or receipts of the business derived from performing professional employer services that is equal to that portion of the fee charged to a client that represents the actual cost of wages and salaries, benefits, workers' compensation, payroll taxes, withholding, or other assessments paid to or on behalf of a covered employee by the professional employer organization under a professional employer agreement;
(c) Any tax assessed or assessment or mandated expenditure on a per capita or per employee basis shall be assessed against the client for covered employees and against the professional employer organization for its employees who are not covered employees co-employed with a client. Any benefit or monetary consideration that meets the requirements of mandates imposed on a client and that is received by covered employees through the professional employer organization either through payroll or through benefit plans sponsored by the professional employer organization shall be credited against the client's obligation to fulfill such mandates; and
(d) In the case of a tax or an assessment imposed or calculated upon the basis of total payroll, the professional employer organization shall be eligible to apply any small business allowance or exemption available to the client for the covered employees for the purpose of computing the tax.
(8) A professional employer organization shall not offer its covered employees any health benefit plan which is not fully insured by an authorized insurer.
- Nebraska Workers' Compensation Act, see section 48-1,110.